Week 1, Thursday April 10 First theory lesson of Merel about Complex systems, systems thinking & system boundaries. Exercises we did at home. 1. Look up the following concepts and write down their definition: Complex systems, systems thinking & system boundaries. A complex system is a system composed of many components which may interact with each other. Examples of complex systems are Earth's global climate, organisms, the human brain, infrastructure such as power grid, transportation or communication systems, social and economic organizations (like cities), an ecosystem, a living cell, and ultimately the entire universe. Complex systems are systems whose behavior is intrinsically difficult to model due to the dependencies, competitions, relationships, or other types of interactions between their parts or between a given system and its environment. Systems that are "complex" have distinct properties that arise from these relationships, such as nonlinearity, emergence, spontaneous order, adaptation, and feedback loops, among others. Because such systems appear in a wide variety of fields, the commonalities among them have become the topic of their own independent area of research. In many cases it is useful to represent such a system as a network where the nodes represent the components and the links their interactions. bron: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complex_system Systems thinking is an approach to integration that is based on the belief that the component parts of a system will act differently when isolated from the system’s environment or other parts of the system. Standing in contrast to positivist and reductionist thinking, systems thinking sets out to view systems in a holistic manner. Consistent with systems philosophy, systems thinking concerns an understanding of a system by examining the linkages and interactions between the elements that comprise the whole of the system. Systems thinking in practice encourages us to explore inter-relationships (context and connections), perspectives (each actor has their own unique perception of the situation) and boundaries (agreeing on scope, scale and what might constitute an improvement). Systems thinking is particularly useful in addressing complex or wicked problem situations. These problems cannot be solved by any one actor, any more than a complex system can be fully understood from only one perspective. Moreover, because complex adaptive systems are continually evolving, systems thinking is oriented towards organizational and social learning – and adaptive management. When you encounter situations which are complex and messy, then systems thinking can help you understand the situation systemically. This helps us to see the big picture – from which we may identify multiple leverage points that can be addressed to support constructive change. It also helps us see the connectivity between elements in the situation, so as to support joined-up actions. bron: ??? Many systems, such as TV networks and social organizations, do not have geometric boundaries. Hence, if we wish to use a comprehensive notion of system boundary we must turn to some nongeometric concept. Topology enables us to define a suitable concept of system boundary via that of neighborhood of a system component. In turn, such a neighborhood is defined as a set of things that are directly linked to the given component. A boundary component of a system is then defined as one every neighborhood of which contains at least one system component and at least one thing in the environment of the component. A boundary of a system is defined as the set of all its boundary components. But different link types induce different neighborhoods, hence different boundaries. It is postulated that every concrete system, except for the universe as a whole, has at least one boundary. Geometric boundaries, i.e. smooth lines or surfaces enclosing systems, are the exception rather than the rule. bron: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03081079208945031?journalCode=ggen20 2. Watch the videos: NEW Systems-thinking: A Little Film About a Big Idea A Systems Story (Systems Thinking) notes video 1: perspectives systems patterns structures identities parts & wholes actions & reactions points of view relations thingink about thinking - system thinking notes video 2: - we are thinking in parts instead of seeing it as a whole - love connects us all - complex problems needs system thinking needs simple language
Notes in the class of Merel about complex systems, systems thinking & system boundaries.
Together as group we made a map about our theme ego to eco. We made up words what reminds us about our theme and we underline the ones what are the most important and interesting. Emotion was the most important one.
Merel also show me a book about system economics in eco to ego. The page that is shown is about the iceberg models ecological, social and spritual cultural and in which bubbles they are divide.
Week 1, Friday April 11 Theory lesson of Lizanne
Notes in the class of Lizanne where we did a game and lean about how to use a iceberg model and different mappings for your project.
Our group used for our scenario network mapping, with this way we could easily see al the relations between everyone in our scenario. For the iceberg model we choose the event that there is plastic in the sea. We tried with the use of the iceberg model to come with a solution to fix our event. Our solution for the event the plastic in the water was to learn children on school about how to filter the plastics out of the water. By that way there will stay more water in the lake. For the farmer & the fisherman.